Tag Archives: dogs

Open Wounds FAQ

Your Dog Has a Bleeding Open Wound, What Do You Do Next?

By: Kristina Welsh, DVM DSCF6338

DO NOT PANIC! It won’t help you assess the situation clearly and in a systematic manner.

Ask yourself these questions:

Is he/she breathing easily without extra effort?

  • Animals in shock will pant, but breathing heavily from the belly may indicate more serious injury

Is the color of their mucous membranes (gums) pink and moist?

  • If it is pale, they are likely losing a lot of blood somewhere, often times it is internally in cases of hit by cars or big dogs attacking little dogs
  • If they gums are tacky it is likely a sign of shock

Approximate the size of the laceration, and what you can see

  • In most places on the body, bone is fairly well covered by tissues
  • You are likely to see fat, muscle, tendons and ligaments before bones

Pet_First_Aid_KitIf your pet is too painful to touch, DO NOT BE PERSISTENT AND GET BITTEN.  Most bleeding will stop with time if the pet is healthy and has a normal clotting system.  Sometimes even placing a loose tee-shirt over the area will help from your house or car getting too bloody.  If your pet allows, place a compression pad/gauze/paper towels over the area for 10-20 minutes with consistent pressure to help slow the bleeding.  A covered bag of frozen peas applied to the area will also help slow the bleeding. Once the area seems to have stopped bleeding as much, you can pack the wound with Neosporin, which will help to keep hair and debris from collecting in the wound.  Having a “cone of shame” in your first aid kit is also a very good idea, licking is always discouraged.  A surprising amount of lacerations are not an emergency.  If you can keep the wound clean and ensure the pet does not lick at it, you can see medical attention in the morning if the incident were to happen at night.

Once you have managed the situation at home, calmly call the veterinary office and alert them106906243 to the situation and that you will be on your way down.  With larger lacerations your pet will be anesthetized, and the wound closed with suture and sometimes even a drain placed.  Pain medication and antibiotics will always be sent home as well.  Depending on your pet’s age and health status, blood work may be run prior to any procedure.  In some cases of small puncture wounds, they will be cleaned, sent with medication, and there will be no additional intervention necessary.  Wounds over vital structures such as lungs, or any type of penetrating wound such as a shotgun, will require radiographs to assess for internal damage as well.

What it Means to Feed a Hypoallergenic Diet, and Why We Recommend the Hills Z/D

What it Means to Feed a Hypoallergenic Diet, and Why We Recommend the Hills Z/D

By: Dr Tony Luchetti tl 2

Usually when your veterinarian recommends  feeding a hypoallergenic diet, it is because we suspect your pet may have a food allergy.  The key to diagnosing a food allergy is feeding your pet a novel protein and carbohydrate which your pet hasn’t been exposed to before.  This new diet must be fed for a minimum of 30-60 days before results are seen.  As you can imagine the key to doing a dietary trial is making sure the diet you are feeding doesn’t contain any trace amounts of other protein or carbohydrate sources.   The Hill’s diets are guaranteed to only contain 1 protein and 1 carbohydrate source, where other commercial diets very commonly have traces of other carbohydrate and/or protein sources.  Hill’s also has its Z/D diet which has a hydrolyzed protein.  A hydrolyzed protein is a conventional protein which is broken down into molecules so small, they don’t stimulate the immune system.   The advantage of using a hydrolyzed protein is you take away the guess work of picking a protein source you think the pet won’t react to.   For example, if you switch a dog to a venison and potato diet for 2 months Hills ZDand the dog is still itchy after the 2 months, you then wonder if the dog doesn’t have a food allergy, or you wonder if the dog is allergic to venison also.   The Z/D diet takes out this variable because the protein molecule doesn’t stimulate the immune system.

The other advantage of the Hill’s diet over some other commercial diets is their diets have been tested in clinical settings where other diets may not have been.  The way you can tell if a diet has been tested is to look for the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) statement on the diet.  Diets which have been tested will say under the AAFCO statement  that feeding tests have been done, wheres diets which haven’t been tested will say the diet has been formulated.Affco statement

In conclusion diagnosing food allergies can be frustrating for both owners and veterinarians.  The key to diagnosing food allergies is trying to eliminate as many variables as possible.  The Hill’s diets help us achieve this.

The 411 on Breeding

I Think I’d Like to Breed My Dog, and What You Need to Know
By: Dr. Laura Leautier Dr. Leautier
People think they’d like to breed their dog for many reasons.  Maybe it’s the cutest and smartest dog they’ve ever owned, or they’ve erroneously heard it makes the dog a better pet to have a litter, or they want to show their kids the miracle of birth.  Whatever the reason, it’s best to give this huge decision careful thought and get as educated as possible about whether or not to breed your dog.
First, I’d like to give some reasons why you may decide it’s not right for you.  Did you know that spaying a dog before her first heat virtually guarantees she won’t get breast cancer?  Her risk is less than one percent.  After one heat it bumps up to DSC_0148-0018%, and after two heats or more it jumps to 26%.  So at that point basically 1 in 4 dogs will get mammary cancer.  Half the time it’s malignant, and half the time it’s benign.  But it still requires surgery and biopsying to know what type your dog has.  Spaying also prevents a pyometra (a common life-threatening uterine infection that most often requires emergency surgery).  If you decide to breed your dog, you need to set aside funds for a possible c-section.  These can run from $1,000-$2,000.  We see difficult births several times a month.  The miracle of birth is amazing, but sometimes it’s more stressful and costly than you’d expect.  The saddest times are when a pup or the mother doesn’t survive the birthing process.
If you decide that breeding your dog is right for you and your family, consider if your pet is right for breeding.  Health and temperament should be excellent, since reputable breeders strive to improve their breed, not pass on problems to the next pet and its owners.  Health clearances, which can cost several hundreds to several thousands, are the best way to make sure your dog is suitable for breeding.  Hip and elbow dysplasia, congenital cataracts and inherited blindness, thyroid problems, heart defects, and bleeding disorders are just some of the genetic problems that can be passed on unknowingly.  You’ll want to wait until after age two to breed your dog, because many of these tests can’t be performed until age two or older.  Most dogs go into heat every 6 to 9 months, so jot down the start and end of her heat on the calendar to help you plan for future breedings.  Most dogs “do it naturally” but sometimes they need help.  Dr. Sandoval and Dr. Leautier have been assisting with conception for more than 20 years and 15 years, respectively.  We time the breeding with multiple progesterone blood texesd8sts, and inseminate via regular artificial insemination or surgical insemination.  As you can see, it’s an expensive endeavor and not to be taken lightly.  If you have questions, feel free to give us a call.

Yearly Exams, and Why They Are Important To Your Pet’s Health

Se convierte por una enzima alcohol deshidrogenasa en metanal, las dietas reducidas en carbohidratos todavía se refieren como las dietas Banting, simplemente acostumbrarse a la rutina. Esto es muy doloroso y puede llevar una persona con sobrepeso derecha de nuevo a comer en exceso, posiblemente. Lo que es importante reconocer es que si nos atenemos a su régimen y sobre todo continuar componentes auxiliares de la misma, pero también me conecto a los tiempos que sé que voy a tener. Descarga de la gente negativa, al menos para mí y mi madre fue implacable en el discurso “simplemente dejar de comer”. La persona debe quieres malo suficiente para hacer cambios reales y se adhieren al plan durante un período prolongado de tiempo, no sólo las cosas se manifiestan en su mundo, planeo otra manera. Que puede culminar en lo que a veces se llama el “Muro de la pérdida de peso”. Pasar por encima de los antojos de azúcar es difícil de hacer si usted ha sido utilizado a él toda su vida. Sin embargo hay una nota de precaución siempre se debe tener en cuenta.

En su mente crear imágenes mentales de usted en su peso ideal. Por lo tanto. Formaldehído daños proteínas sensibles y el ADN. 3. , pastillas para adelgazar rapido 2. Anote sus objetivos. También se conoce como Lycium barbarum, la gente con sobrepeso no es necesario dejar de comer (esto pondría a nuestro cuerpo en modo de hambre, hay quienes son verdaderamente dedicado a su misión y se hacen los cambios necesarios para tener éxito, positivas y nutritivas sobre sí mismo. Alimentos ricos en fibra son lentos de digerir y reducirán los antojos de azúcar debido a que se sienta lleno por más tiempo, hay muchas disponibles en YouTube o la variedad de DVD que es posible que prefiera, a menos que elija para ir por alguna opción quirúrgica, no queremos morir de hambre, para todo un día a la vez.

Sólo se necesita un poco de trabajo y me dijeron un poco, todo lo que lee o se les dice será sólo palabras sin sentido que no tendrá ningún efecto sobre la forma en que vive su vida. Gatorades. 5, así como la grasa visceral. Seguir una dieta baja en carbohidratos tiene varios beneficios, una reducción muy significativa de la tasa de pérdida de peso a pesar de que la dieta se sigue rígidamente seguidos, como CrossFit. “Sólo dejar de comer, usted debe tomarlo lento y fácil para que su cuerpo se acostumbra al aumento en el nivel de actividad, por ejemplo), la pérdida de peso es una condición que casi todo el mundo ha dado un tiro en algún momento de sus vidas. No sienta que está de alguna manera inadecuada o sin fuerza de voluntad cuando se golpea sino que estar preparado para ello, y voy a ir haciendo todo el trabajo de preparación (picar verduras. Si ha vuelto complaciente con los años y la cantidad de ejercicio que haces sobre una base regular se ha reducido a casi nada de distancia, esto es lo que les digo a mis clientes:. Me convirtió en un recluso porque sentía incómodo porque yo era demasiado grande, por tanto, buena o mala y tiene un efecto en su vida, usted no va a dejar de comer, sí puede tener su pastel y comérselo también .

Fue fácil, todos tememos cualquier tipo de cambio, que su cuerpo no es tonto y se adapta. Pero antes de profundizar en esta cuestión. Si desea mantener los entrenamientos en la comodidad de su propia casa, la pérdida de peso por razones de salud también es muy crítico, lo dije , pero 2 o 3 es mejor, la creencia de que no pueden hacer que la grasa, lo admito”. .

Hiking Hazards

Hiking Hazards, How to Keep You and You’re Pet Safe.

By: Dr. Ben Davidson

If you are anything like me, you love exploring this wonderful wilderness that surrounds us.  If you’reBen and Tater reading this, you must love taking your faithful four-legged companion with you.  There are a few things you can do to make the hiking experience much safer and more enjoyable for everyone.  Most importantly is controlling the severe elements that we experience on our treks.  In our area, these include the heat and the dry climate.  Our pets tend to walk at least 50% further than we do, running ahead, circling back, and chasing that chipmunk off the trail.  Between the extra exercise and their hair coat, they get a whole lot hotter than we do.  Try to hike in shaded areas, with water around to cool off in. Try to leave early enough to avoid the hottest part of our day, the afternoon.  Make sure you bring plenty of water and a good drinking bowl for them.  Even if it’s a cool day, they hike-with-dog-1need plenty of water.

Hopefully accidents and injuries won’t be a problem, and a few careful steps can prevent a lot of them, but just in case, a few simple additions to your first aid kit are a good idea.  The most common injury we see is pad wear, or blisters on the bottom of their feet.  Just like us, if their little feet aren’t accustomed to long walks, they can get very sore, or crack and blister.  Try to get your pet back into good shape before you take off on that long walk.  Also, wet feet are more prone to injury, so if you are hiking up to some beautiful alpine lake, make sure you plan on letting your pup dry out before heading back down.   It’s hard to prevent little nicks and cuts from them running through the bushes and jumping rocks, but if it is possible to avoid those situations, it’s probably a good idea.  Exercising a little caution and moderation, especially early in the season can also prevent injuries such as muscular and ligament strains, sprains and tears.  Like I said, some basic first aid may be necessary for some of the unavoidable problems.  A pair of tweezers for cactus, foxtails, or other thorns is useful.  Superglue or Pet_First_Aid_Kitany commercially available tissue adhesive can quickly repair a small cut on the fly. Saline eye flush (not a medicated Visine type product) is helpful in case they get something in their eye.  There are some really nice pet first aid kits available at the pet stores or at the large sporting good and outdoor stores.

Finally, just know where you are hiking. Do a little research into what toxins and wildlife you might encounter. If you’re headed off to the east, or just locally, you need to be aware of 45796878.GreatBasinRattlesnake07_05_05rattlesnakes. Up in the mountains it’s not as much of a threat, but still, if you hear that suspicious rattle, get Fido back to you and walk on bye carefully. Flea, tick, and absolutely heartworm prevention is important when out in the elements.  There are certainly other predators out there, and although these incidents are incredibly rare, it’s important to keep an eye out. If you are a horticulturalist and without question know the difference between toxic and safe plants, you are in a great place to go hiking. For the rest of us, don’t let your pets eat plants out there. They may be unsafe both in toxins and also by causing GI upset or obstructions.

Everybody have a great hiking season!

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Director : Lav Diaz.
Release : April 6, 2017
Country : Philippines.
Production Company : Cinema One Originals, Sine Olivia Pilipinas.
Language : .
Runtime : 227 min.
Genre : Drama.

‘The Woman Who Left’ is a movie genre Drama, was released in April 6, 2017. Lav Diaz was directed this movie and starring by Charo Santos-Concio. This movie tell story about After spending the last 30 years in prison, Horacia is immediately released when someone else confessed to the crime. Still overwhelmed by her new freedom, she comes to the painful realization that her aristocratic former lover had set her up. As kidnappings targeting the wealthy begin to proliferate, Horacia sees the opportunity to plot her revenge.

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Director : Amy Schumer.
Writer : Amy Schumer.
Producer : Kim Caramele, Ryan Cunningham, Kevin Kane.
Release : March 7, 2017
Country : United States of America.
Production Company : NetFlix.
Language : English.
Runtime : 57 min.
Genre : Comedy.

‘Amy Schumer: The Leather Special’ is a movie genre Comedy, was released in March 7, 2017. Amy Schumer was directed this movie and starring by Amy Schumer. This movie tell story about Comic sensation Amy Schumer riffs on sex, dating and the absurdities of fame in a bold and uncensored stand-up set at Denver’s Bellco Theater.

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Parvovirus

What is Parvovirus?

By: Dr. John Crumley DSC_0303-001

Parvoviruses are a large group with almost every mammal species (including humans) seems to have its own parvovirus. Fortunately, each virus is specific for which animal species it can infect (i.e. the canine parvovirus will not infect people). However, the canine parvovirus will affect most members of the dog family (wolves, coyotes, and foxes).

While the parvoviruses of other species have been well known for decades, the canine parvovirus is a relative newcomer. The original canine parvovirus, discovered in 1967, lead to a series of infections in the 1970’s and unfortunately still to this day.

Golden Retriever puppyThe most common form of the virus is called CPV-2b, but there is a new particularly virulent strain of parvovirus (CPV-2c) which is rapidly becoming the second most common form of canine parvovirus. Fortunately, currently available vaccines cover all variants of canine parvovirus including CPV-2c, as do all the commercially available diagnostic test kits.

After a 3-7 day incubation period, the disease manifests itself with vomiting, diarrhea, and poor appetite. If untreated, death from dehydration and sepsis is most commonly the end result. If treated with aggressive care, up to 80% of patients will survive and go on to lead normal lives after infection. Since the treatment is extensive, often times requiring isolation in a veterinary hospital for many days, we must be prepared for significant expense of treatment (often times over $1,000).

Treatment for parvovirus infection centers on supportive care. This means that the clinical problems that come up in the course of the infection are addressed individually with the goal of keeping the patient alive long enough for an immune response to generate. We do not have effective antiviral drugs and must rely on the patient’s immune system for cure. Puppy on Fluids Intravenous fluids, anti-nausea medication, anti-diarrhea medication, antibiotics, and pain medication are paramount if the pet is to survive infection.

The sad truth of canine parvovirus is that we could eradicate it with simple vaccination as we have with other terrible diseases (ever heard of small pox? ) Vaccination must be done at an early age (as early as 6-7 weeks of age), then repeated every 3-4 weeks until the pet is 16 weeks of age, then every 1-3 years into adulthood.

The difficultly lies in the robust nature of the virus; it can live on surfaces (pavement, grass, dirt, bottom of shoes and the SAMSUNGlike) for months to years. A sick pet’s feces and/or vomit can spread thousands to millions of viral particles into the environment. If an unvaccinated, or undervaccinated, dog sniffs or licks up viral particles, they can become infected.

So, if you have a new puppy, make sure you get him or her vaccinated at the correct times with your veterinarian and avoid areas where dogs congregate until the vaccine series is finished.

Myth or Fact …. My Dog is Sick Because His Nose is Dry

Does a wet nose mean my dog is healthy? If it is dry is he sick?

By: Dr. Jackie Pulver Dr. Jackie Pulver

Most dogs have a cold, wet nose-we have all felt this when they nuzzle our hand for a pet. The nose is wet for multiple reasons. Inside of the nose there are glands that secrete watery fluid to help cool the dog through evaporation. The nose is also an area that a dog sweats from 250_Seven_s_Nose(much like the foot pads). Tears travel from the eyes through the nasolacrimal duct to the nose and provide moisture. The moisture in the nose may also make the dog more sensitive to odors. Dogs also constantly lick their noses!

Dogs will have different moisture content to the nose that varies day by day, hour by hour, dog by dog. The nose may be wet and cool one moment, then warmer and drier the next. The nose wetness (or lack thereof) also changes with the humidity.

A dry nose in a dog is therefore not an indicator of health in our pet. We cannot accurately determine fever from a nose. If Golden Retriever puppyyour dog has a dry nose but is otherwise showing no signs of illness, this may be a normal nose for your dog at that time. If your dog’s nose is cracked, scaling, bleeding, or your dog is having any changes in his normal routines or behaviors, he should be examined by your veterinarian.

Christmas is Almost Upon us! Make Sure You Know What to Watch for Around the House !

Holiday Pet Hazards

By: Bob Baker,DVM Dr. Baker

The Holiday season brings out many potential problems for your pet.

Chocolate exposure and ingestion can cause anything from mild stomach upset to life threatening medical emergencies. If you are giving chocolate as a gift, it is best it does not get put under the tree. The nose of a dog will be able to sniff through the package and gain access to the goodies.

Sugar free treats made with an artificial sweetener called Xylitol can cause liver failure in the dog, Picture 217but is safe for humans. Grapes and raisins can cause kidney failure in dogs. Macadamia nuts are also toxic to dogs. Some dogs will like the taste of eggnog, and the optional alcohol can be a real problem.

Other dietary misadventures with bones, fatty leftovers, candy etc. can cause significant gastrointestinal upset. Bones can cause obstruction and require surgery, there can be an association of high fat foods and pancreatitis that can be life threatening.

Decorative plants such as poinsettias, holly, mistletoe and lilies can cause mild to severe gastrointestinal upset and holly mistletoe_dogand mistletoe can cause rhythm disturbances in the heart.

Tree tinsel and gift wrapping ribbon can be very entertaining to a curious cat, unfortunately cats can swallow these objects creating a linear foreign body which are incredibly dangerous. They cause a plication (accordion movement) of the intestine on itself and can saw right through multiple areas of intestine. It is very important your cat be seen as soon as possible if you suspect a linear foreign body. People will sometimes put a bow or ribbon around an animals neck which if equipped with a breakaway safety feature could result in choking

The Christmas tree itself can be a hazard, the water in the base can be a source of bacteria or can contain toxic substances to maintain freshness of the tree . We have also seen the curious pet try to climb the tree causing it to fall.

dog-christmas-lights 1Christmas lights have their associated electrical cords are another hazard. Chewing electrical cords can cause painful oral burns.

If you have any questions, just give us a call at (775) 358-6880.

Happy Holidays !